您的位置: 首页 >? 学习园地 >? 论坛精华 >?
2008/5/9 13:26:00 发布者:mn ?mn 访问:9835
过桥米线(中英文)

作者:夕夕

原帖地址:http://kmtourguide.w17.dvbbs.net/dispbbs.asp?boardid=77&id=41030?

?

?(该中英文介绍辞均由本人创作,新导游水平有限,欢迎交流)

?

过桥米线是云南特有的名小吃,正如同到北京一定要吃烤鸭,到西安一定要吃羊肉泡馍一样,来到云南一定要吃过桥米线。为什么一定要吃过桥米线呢?因为它不仅是一道美食,它也是云南的历史、饮食、人文的缩影。

  过桥米线始创于清乾隆年间,至今已有200多年的历史。它的发明制作还有这样一段广为流传的机缘。乾隆年间,云南红河蒙自有一王姓书生,为准备考试便到蒙自南湖的湖中小岛上看书,每天她的妻子都要给他送饭菜,但由于路途遥远,等到王秀才吃饭时,佳肴早已变得冷冰冰的。王秀才日渐消瘦,其妻看在眼里,疼在心里。某日,其妻杀鸡熬汤为其补身,孰料秀才忙于苦读,忘了食用。傍晚时分,其妻再次送来晚饭时,发现鸡汤仍未食用本想责备秀才一番,可手碰到土罐时却发现土罐中的鸡汤居然还很烫,揭盖一看,原来是汤面上厚厚的鸡油封住汤面,所以使得汤持久不冷。其妻,受到启发,回家一试,滚热的鸡汤还可以将米线、蔬菜、肉片等烫熟食用。自此,王秀才每天便可吃到热腾腾、香喷喷的米线了。由于其妻每天送饭要过桥,所以,此米线作法流传开后,人们就将它命名为过桥米线。

 ? 经过多年的改良和创新,现在过桥米线的作法更加讲究。一套过桥米线可以包括十多个冷热菜,还包括汽锅鸡,乳扇等云南各地地道美味,可谓是五花八门,只有想不到的,没有不可能的。吃一套这样的过桥米线,地道的云南美食同时也尝遍了。不过过桥米线最考究的就还是它的汤,如果汤不好,它配置的辅菜再好也是枉然。它的汤必须用纯正肥土鸡为主要材料,同时附上筒子骨、上等火腿用小火慢慢熬,直至汤色清澈透亮,香气扑鼻,鸡油随滚滚沸汤翻滚如十月盛开的金菊时方可。

  下面再说说配料,过桥米线自然少不了米线,过桥米线一般选用干浆米线,因为米线要在汤中烫熟了吃,如果用酸浆米线时间烫长了米线的酸味就会溢出来破坏汤的味道。其他的配料分为肉和蔬菜两类。蔬菜讲究时鲜,一般这时节有什么蔬菜就用什么蔬菜。肉类,则讲究刀工,即片。过桥米线的肉片都薄如蝉翼,这样才能确保肉片下汤即熟。

  最后说说,过桥米线别具一格的吃法。过桥米线的汤都是滚汤,但是由于面上有厚厚的鸡油所以汤不会冒热气,乍眼一看还以为是碗冷汤。所以吃的时候一定不要被表面现象所迷惑,冒然喝汤。应当先下配料,下料次序是先下肉类,再下蔬菜,最后下米线。过几分钟,过桥米线的汤便会将这些生料烫熟,这时一碗营养丰富,黄白相间,香飘四溢的过桥米线就可以吃了。??

?

Cross-bridge rice noodle?

 ? Cross-bridge rice noodle is a special dish of YN. As the roast duck of Beijng, the cake particles in mutton soup of Xian, if you visit YN, you must taste Cross-bridge rice noodle.?

  Why I recommend you to taste Cross-bridge rice noodle as your best choice? Because it is not only a delicious snack, but also reflects the history, the eating culture of YN.??

  Cross-bridge rice noodle is originated during Qianlong period, nearly 200 years. There is a popular legend regarding its origination. It is said that a scholar in Mengzi, who was preparing for the imperial examination, went to an island in Na Lake everyday to study. His wife went across a bridge to the island to bring his meal to him. Owing to the long distance, he had to eat cold meal. Accidentally, his wife discovered that a greasy chicken soup is not easy to cold.  

  Whats more, fresh stuffs, such as seasonal vegetable, fresh meat and so on, can become edible by put into this kind of boiled soup. From then on, the scholar could have a delicious and hot meal everyday. Because his wife went cross a bridge everyday, the rice noodle made by this way was named as Cross-bridge rice noodle.?

  By now, Cross-bridge rice noodle has a distinct development. Believe it or not, a set of Cross-bridge rice noodle can even include more than tens of dishes. It is worth to having a try, because this special flavor just can be enjoyed in YN. Furthermore, after enjoy a set of this kind Cross-bridge rice noodle, you have also enjoyed most snacks in YN. It is a wise choice to have a try.

  The most important factor of Cross-bridge rice noodle is soup. It was made by natural hen, pig stone and Xuanwei ham. It needs to be boiled for over 6 hours until the soup become savory and the oil in these stuffs are distilled.

?  The next thing worth mentioning is the stuff. There are two kinds of rice noodle, the proper kind for Cross-bridge rice noodle is the slim one, which is good at keeping the flavor of valuable soup. The stuff can be divided into two categories: vegetable and meat. The vegetable often use seasonal one. The meat is focus on slice. The thinner the better, so the slice is one of characters of Cross-bridge rice noodle.???????

????? Last but not least, the process of eating is special. Please listen carefully. Owing to thick oil covering the surface of soup, you will not see any steam. It is likely to mistake it as a cold soup. Therefore dont drink the soup hurried. The right orders are as following: firstly, put the meat slice into the soup, then the vegetable, the last one rice noodle. Minutes later, a hot colorful and delicious Cross-bridge rice noodle is ready

年度排行近三月排行



bt365打码量_bt365体育在线网址_bt365苹果手机无法充值 地址:昆明市青年路448号华尔顿大厦26楼2606室?
?电话 :(0871)63159894? 66151887传真:(0871)63159994
昆明市导游之家导游咨询服务有限公司 地址:昆明市青年路448号华尔顿大厦2208室
电话 :(0871)63159894? 66151887传真:(0871)63159994
??????????????
bt365打码量_bt365体育在线网址_bt365苹果手机无法充值 版权所有 Copyright 2007 All Rights Reserved
您是本站第?3057248 位来访者??
信息产业部TCP/IP备案序号:滇ICP备12003102号-1

?